• Design for Recycling Guidelines

Design for recycling offers insight into the compatibility of different elements of a packaging, such as caps, labels or adhesives, with given recycling streams. Design for Recycling Guidelines therefore support the industry on how to improve overall recyclability of plastic products.

The Guidelines are developed by the European PET Bottle Platform for PET bottles, Petcore Europe for PET Trays Thermoforms, and RecyClass for all other packaging.

 

Guidelines are living documents, as they are continuously updated based on new laboratory findings, including technology approvals. You can explore the interactive layout below or download the latest version of the Guidelines.

For features of packaging that are not yet covered by the Design for Recycling Guidelines, testing is recommended via the Recyclability Evaluation Protocols.

 

The RecyClass Guidelines are based on a traffic-lights system:

Full compatibility

Green column gathers the preferred design features, that guarantee the best recyclability and quality of the recyclate.

Limited compatibility

Yellow column lists the second choices for each packaging feature, that have been tested or are known to slightly impact the recycling process and/or the quality of the recyclate.

Low compatibility

Red column classifies the detrimental and disqualifying features that should be avoided when designing packaging, as these strongly impact the recycling process and/or the quality of the recyclate.

 

The RecyClass Online Tool simulates the recyclability of packaging according to RecyClass Methodology and in line with the information supplied in the Guidelines. The Tool offers more insights into the recyclability grading system.

SIGN-UP FOR THE ONLINE TOOL

Design for recycling
guidelines list

PET bottles(clear/light blue and transparent colored)
Transparent Clear & Light-blue PET Bottles
Transparent Coloured PET Bottles
PE films(natural and coloured)
Natural PE Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Coloured PE Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
PET trays(transparent clear)
PP films(natural and coloured)
Natural PP Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Coloured PP Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
HDPE containers & tubes(natural and coloured)
Natural HDPE Containers and Tubes
Coloured HDPE Containers and Tubes
PS colored containers(coloured)
PP containers & tubes(natural and coloured)
Natural PP Containers and Tubes
Coloured PP Containers and Tubes
HDPE & PP Crates and Pallets
EPS containers
EPS Fish Boxes
EPS White Goods
Transparent Clear & Light-blue PET Bottles
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

PET

Colours

Transparent clear; Transparent light blue

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

SiOx plasma coating

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PE (with density <1 g/cm³);
PP (with density <1 g/cm³)

Liners, seals and valves

PE; PE + EVA; PP; foamed PET (all with a density < 1 g/cm³

Other components

Base cup, handles or other components which are separated by grinding and float/sink - all with density <1 g/cm³;
Unpigmented PET

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

Labels in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET (all with density <1 g/cm³), with a size that does not hinder* the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer

* indication label size of bottles > 500 ml: < 70% coverage
* indication label size of bottles ≤ 500 ml: < 50% coverage

Adhesives for labels

Alkali/water soluble and alkali/water releasable adhesive at 60-80°C without reactivation

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET; LDPET (all with density <1 g/cm³), with a size that does not hinder* the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer

* indication sleeve size of bottles > 500 ml: < 70% coverage
* indication sleeve size of bottles ≤ 500 ml: < 50% coverage

Tamper evidence wrap

PE; PP; OPP; EPS, Foamed PET (all with density <1 g/cm³)

Direct printing

Laser marked print

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

Carbon plasma-coating; PA-MXD6 multilayer with <5wt% PA-MXD6 and no tie layers; PGA multilayer; PTN alloy

Additives

UV stablilisers; Acetaldehyde (AA) blockers; Optical brighteners; Oxygen scavengers

Attachments

Closure system

Liners, seals and valves

Silicone with density <0.95g/cm³

Other components

Decoration

Inks

Labels

Lightly metallized labels;
Paper labels without fiberlosses

Adhesives for labels

Hot-melts;
Pressure-sensitive labels

Sleeves

Full sleeves translucent for IR detection in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET; LDPET; all with density <1 g/cm³

INTERIM: Twin-peforated sleeves for household and personal care conform guidelines by EPBP

Tamper evidence wrap

Direct printing

Production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

PLA; PVC; PS; PETG

Colours

Other transparent colours; Opaque; Fluorescence; Metallic

Size

< 4 cm (compacted); > 5 liter content

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

PA-MXD6 multilayer with >5wt% PA-MXD6 or with tie layers; Monolayer PA-MXD6 blend; EVOH

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives;
Nanocomposites

Attachments

Closure system

Materials and blends with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. highly filled PE, metals,…); Non detaching or welded closures

Liners, seals and valves

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. PVC, silicone, metals)

Other components

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. metal, RFID tags); Non detaching or welded components
Coloured PET

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks; Metallic inks

Labels

Labels which hinder the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer (e.g. too large, metalised, heavily inked);
Labels with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g.PVC; PS; PET; PETG; PLA);
Metallized labels; Non-detaching or welded labels;
Paper labels with fibreloss; Foamed PETG labels (even with density <1 g/cm³); PET labels with washable inks

Adhesives for labels

Non-soluble in water or alkaline at 60-80°C; Non-releasable in water or alkaline at 60-80°C

Sleeves

Sleeves which hinder the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer (e.g. too large, metalised, heavily inked);
Sleeves with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g.PVC; PS; PET; PETG); Foamed PETG sleeves (even with density <1 g/cm³);
PET sleeves with washable inks

Tamper evidence wrap

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g metal; PVC; PS; PET, PETG); Metallised materials; Foamed PETG (even with density <1 g/cm³); PET with washable inks

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Transparent Coloured PET Bottles
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

PET

Colours

Transparent light colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

SiOx coating; Carbon plasma-coating;
PA-MXD6 multilayer with <6wt% PA-MXD6 and no tie layers; PTN alloy

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PE (with density <1 g/cm³);
PP (with density <1 g/cm³)

Liners, seals and valves

PE; PE + EVA; PP; foamed PET (all with a density < 1 g/cm³)

Other components

Base cup, handles or other components which are separated by grinding and float/sink - all with density <1 g/cm³; PET

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

Labels in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET (all with density <1 g/cm³), with a size that does not hinder* the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer

* indication label size of bottles > 500 ml: < 70% coverage
* indication label size of bottles ≤ 500 ml: < 50% coverage

Adhesives for labels

Alkali/water soluble and alkali/water releasable adhesive at 60-80°C without reactivation

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET; LDPET (all with density <1 g/cm³), with a size that does not hinder* the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer

* indication sleeve size of bottles > 500 ml: < 70% coverage
* indication sleeve size of bottles ≤ 500 ml: < 50% coverage

Tamper evidence wrap

PE; PP; OPP; EPS, Foamed PET (all with density <1 g/cm³)

Direct printing

Laser marked print

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Transparent dark colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

EVOH multilayer with <3 wt% EVOH and no tie layers; PA-MXD6 multilayer with <6wt% PA-MXD6 including tie layers; Monolayer PA-MXD6 blend; PGA multilayer

Additives

UV stablilisers; Acetaldehyde (AA) blockers; Optical brighteners; Oxygen scavengers

Attachments

Closure system

Liners, seals and valves

Silicone with density <0.95g/cm³

Other components

Decoration

Inks

Labels

Lightly metallized labels; Paper labels without fiberlosses

Adhesives for labels

Hot-melts; Pressure-sensitive labels

Sleeves

Full sleeves translucent for IR detection in PE; PP; OPP; EPS; foamed PET; LDPET; all with density <1 g/cm³

INTERIM: Twin-peforated sleeves for household and personal care conform guidelines by EPBP

Tamper evidence wrap

Direct printing

Production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PET & PO attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

PLA; PVC; PS; PETG

Colours

Opaque; Fluorescence; Metallic

Size

< 4 cm (compacted); > 5 liter content

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH multilayer with >3wt% EVOH or with tie layers; PA-MXD6 multilayer with >6wt% PA-MXD6

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives;
Nanocomposites

Attachments

Closure system

Materials and blends with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. highly filled PE, metals,…); Non detaching or welded closures

Liners, seals and valves

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. PVC, silicone, metals)

Other components

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g. metal, RFID tags); Non detaching or welded components

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Labels which hinder the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer (e.g. too large, metalised, heavily inked);
Labels with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g.PVC; PS; PET; PETG; PLA); Metallized labels; Non-detaching or welded labels;
Paper labels with fibreloss; Foamed PETG labels (even with density <1 g/cm³); PET labels with washable inks

Adhesives for labels

Non-soluble in water or alkaline at 60-80°C; Non-releasable in water or alkaline at 60-80°C

Sleeves

Sleeves which hinder the recognition of the underlaying PET-polymer (e.g. too large, metalised, heavily inked);
Sleeves with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g.PVC; PS; PET; PETG); Foamed PETG sleeves (even with density <1 g/cm³); PET sleeves with washable inks

Tamper evidence wrap

Materials with density >1 g/cm³ (e.g metal; PVC; PS; PETG); Metallised materials; Foamed PETG (even with density <1 g/cm³); PET with washable inks

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Natural PE Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material*

PE-LD, PE-LLD; PE-HD

Colours

Unpigmented; transparent

Size

> A4 or > 50 x 50 mm once compacted

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

Barrier in the polymer matrix;
SiOx and AlOx without additional coatings

Additives

Additives that do not increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Liners, seals and valves

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Other components

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

PE

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water-releasable at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Laser marked print;
Printed production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material*

Multilayer PE/PP with PP ≤ 5%

Colours

Light colours; translucent colours

Size

< A4 format or between 20 x 20 and 50 x 50 mm once compacted (Sorting test)

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP, removable aluminium liddings

Other components

PP

Decoration

Inks

Labels

PP, paper labels without fiberloss

Adhesives for labels

Direct printing

Printing covering < 50%**

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material*

Multilayer PE/PP with PP > 5%; Any other polymer (e.g. PET, PVC, etc.)

Colours

Dark colours; black; carbon black

Size

< 20 x 20 mm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is < 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

> 5% EVOH (in polyolefinic combination film);
Any other PA;
barrier layer PVC, PVDC; any other barrier layer;
foaming agents used as expanding chemical agents; aluminium

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives
Additives that do increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³ (CaCO3, talc, glass fibers, etc.)

Attachments

Closure system

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Liners, seals and valves

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, foiled paper, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Other components

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, paper, foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Metallized labels, any other; paper labels with fibreloss

Adhesives for labels

Adhesives non-soluble in water or non-releasable in water at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Printing covering > 50% **

Coloured PE Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material

PE-LD, PE-LLD; PE-HD

Colours

Light colours; translucent colours

Size

> A4 or > 50 x 50 mm once compacted

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

Barrier in the polymer matrix;
SiOx and AlOx without additional coatings

Additives

Additives that do not increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Liners, seals and valves

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Other components

PE-LD, PE-LLD, PE-HD

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

PE

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water-releasable at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Laser marked print;
Printed production or expiry date; printing covering < 50%**

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material

Multilayer PE/PP with PP ≤ 5%

Colours

NIR-detectable dark colours (Sorting test)

Size

< A4 format or between 20 x 20 and 50 x 50 mm once compacted (Sorting test)

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP, removable aluminium lidding

Other components

PP

Decoration

Inks

Labels

PP, paper labels without fiberloss

Adhesives for labels

Direct printing

Printing covering > 50% **

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material

Multilayer PE/PP with PP > 5%; Any other polymer (e.g. PET, PVC, etc.)

Colours

Non NIR-detectable dark colours

Size

< 20 x 20 mm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is < 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

> 5% EVOH (in polyolefinic combination film);
Any other PA;
barrier layer PVC, PVDC; any other barrier layer;
foaming agents used as expanding chemical agents; aluminium

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives
Additives that do increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³ (CaCO3, talc, glass fibers, etc.)

Attachments

Closure system

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Liners, seals and valves

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, foiled paper, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Other components

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, paper, foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Metallized labels, any other; paper labels with fibreloss

Adhesives for labels

Adhesives non-soluble in water or non-releasable in water at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Transparent Clear Mono PET Thermoforming
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PET in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

PET

Colours

Transparent clear;
Transparent light blue

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

PET based oxygen scavenger without yellowing effect after EPBP oven test

Additives

Silicone surface coating (on coating area);
Antiblocking masterbatch (max 3%)

Attachments

Closure system
(Lidding films)

Unprinted PET;
Floating plastics with density < 1 g/cm³ and easily removal from the tray and without glue residuals; Foamed PET based films where foamed structure is not getting destroyed @90°C;
SiOx and AluOx plasma for barrier

Other components

Inserts in HDPE / LDPE / PP like Soaker pads, bubble pads (all inserts should be completely removable, leave no traces and have a density of <1 g/cm³)

Decoration

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Labels

Labels in PE; PP; OPP (all with density <1 g/cm³ and also in the more heavily printed area), with a size that does not hinder* the recognition of the underlaying
PET-polymer

* indication label size of trays: < 30% coverage

Adhesives
(for labels)

100% removable adhesives leaving no adhesive residuals on flakes at 70°C

Adhesives
(other parts than lidding film & labels)

Alkali/water soluble or alkali/water releasable adhesive at 60-80°C without reactivation

Direct printing

Laser marked

Material Composition
(Amount of PET in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

PET based oxygen scavenger with limited yellowing effect after EPBP oven test

Additives

UV stablilisers; AA blockers; optical brighteners; antiblocking masterbatch (> 3%); anti-stat agents; antiblocking agents; anti-fogging agents (on coating area)

Attachments

Closure system
(Lidding films)

Other components

Paper & cardboard not loosing fibres

Decoration

Inks

Labels

BPA-free paper labels without fibreloss during recycling process

Adhesives
(for labels)

100% removable adhesives leaving no adhesive residuals on flakes at 85°C

Adhesives
(other parts than lidding film & labels)

Direct printing

Production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PET in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PET recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

Any PET based multilayer material including PET/PE; PLA; PVC; PS; PETG; C-PET; PET-GAG; Expanded PET

Colours

Opaque; Other transparent colours;
Metallic

Size

Items compacted < than 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH; PA; any other barrier; any other oxygen scavenger

Additives

Bio/Oxo/Photodegradable additives;
Nanocomposites

Attachments

Closure system
(Lidding films)

Any other film

Other components

PVC / PS / EPS / PU / PA; PC/PMMA;
Thermoset plastics/metals;
Paper & cardboard loosing fibres

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Plastic labels with density > 1 g/cm³ (also in more heavily printed and glued area);
Paper labels with fibreloss during recycling process;
Paper labels containing BPA;
Non floating paper labels

Adhesives
(for labels)

All other adhesives

Adhesives
(other parts than lidding film & labels)

Any other adhesive

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Natural PP Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material*

PP

Colours

Unpigmented; transparent

Size

> A4 or > 50 x 50 mm once compacted

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

Barrier in the polymer matrix; SiOx and AlOx without additional coatings

Additives

Additives that do not increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP

Other components

PP

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

PP

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water-releasable at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Laser marked print;
Printed production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material*

Multilayer PP/PE

Colours

Light colours; translucent colours

Size

< A4 format or between 20 x 20 and 50 x 50 mm once compacted (Sorting test)

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

EVOH (in polyolefinic combination film);
metallized layers without coatings

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PE

Liners, seals and valves

PE, removable aluminium liddings

Other components

PE

Decoration

Inks

Labels

PE, paper labels without fiberloss

Adhesives for labels

Direct printing

Printing covering < 50%**

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material*

Any other polymer (ex. PET, PVC, etc.)

Colours

Dark colours; black; carbon black

Size

< 20 x 20 mm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

Barrier layer PVC, PVDC, PA; any other barrier layer;
foaming agents used as expandant chemical agents; aluminium

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives;
Additives that do increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³ (CaCO3, talc, glass fibers, etc.)

Attachments

Closure system

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Liners, seals and valves

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, foiled paper, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Other components

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, paper, foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Metallized labels, any other; paper labels with fibreloss

Adhesives for labels

Adhesives non-soluble in water or non-releasable in water at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Printing covering > 50% **

Coloured PP Flexible Films for Household and Commercial Packaging
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material*

PP

Colours

Light colours; translucent colours

Size

> A4 or > 50 x 50 mm once compacted

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

Barrier in the polymer matrix; SiOx and AlOx without additional coatings

Additives

Additives that do not increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP

Other components

PP

Decoration

Inks

Non-toxic (according to EUPIA guidelines)

Labels

PP

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water-releasable at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Laser marked print;
Printed production or expiry date; printing covering < 50%**

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material*

Multilayer PP/PE

Colours

NIR-detectable dark colours (Sorting test)

Size

< A4 format or between 20 x 20 and 50 x 50 mm once compacted (Sorting test)

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

EVOH (in polyolefinic combination film);
metallized layers without coatings

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PE

Liners, seals and valves

PE, removable aluminium liddings

Other components

PE

Decoration

Inks

Labels

PE, paper labels without fiberloss

Adhesives for labels

Direct printing

Printing covering > 50% **

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material*

Any other polymer (ex. PET, PVC, etc.)

Colours

Non NIR-detectable dark colours

Size

< 20 x 20 mm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

Barrier layer PVC, PVDC, PA; any other barrier layer;
foaming agents used as expandant chemical agents; aluminium

Additives

Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives;
Additives that do increase the density higher than 0,97 g/cm³ (CaCO3, talc, glass fibers, etc.)

Attachments

Closure system

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Liners, seals and valves

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, foiled paper, non PO or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Other components

Metal, aluminium, PVC, PET, PETG, PS, PLA, paper, foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Metallized labels, any other; paper labels with fibreloss

Adhesives for labels

Adhesives non-soluble in water or non-releasable in water at less than 60°C

Direct printing

Natural HDPE Containers and Tubes
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

HDPE;
Multilayer PE with HDPE prevalence (LLDPE, LDPE, MDPE)

Colours

Natural (clear)

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) and density remains < 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE

Liners, seals and valves

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE;
TPE-PE

Other components

HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, MDPE

Decoration**

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PE (all with density < 1 g/cm³)

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE (all with density < 1 g/cm³);
Self-separable plastic and cardboard sleeves under mechanical pressure (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Laser marked;
Production or best-before date

Other decorative technologies

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Light colours

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Mineral fillers (CaCO3, talc) not increasing density more than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable aluminium lidding

Liners, seals and valves

PP; TPE-PP;
PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable silicon with a density > 1 g/cm³

Other components

PP;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS all with density > 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PP, PO (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Labels in PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³);
Labels in Paper without fibreloss;
PO-foamed labels

Adhesives for labels

Sleeves

Sleeves in PO (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Sleeves in PET, PETG, PET-C, PLA, PS (all with density >1 g/cm³);
Cardboard sleeves without fiberloss (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density > 1 g/cm³)

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

Multilayers HDPE with PLA; PVC; PS; PET; PETG

Colours

Black Inner layer; Black; Carbon Black;
Other dark colours

Size

Items compacted < 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH > 1% with any other tie layers;
PA; PVDC;
Aluminium

Additives

Additives changing the material density > 1 g/cm³;
Flame-retardant additives, plasticizers;
Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives

Attachments

Closure system

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Aluminium; Metal; PVC

Liners, seals and valves

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Any other TPE;
Aluminium; Metal; Foiled paper;
PVC

Other components

Aluminium; PVC; Glass components;
Foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Inks that bleed; Toxic or hazardous inks; PVC binders

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels that hinder the recognition of the PE;
Labels in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³;
Paper labels with fibreloss during recycling process;
In-Mould-Labels; Aluminium; Metallised labels; PVC

Adhesives for labels

Non-water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Non-water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves that hinder the recognition of the PE;
Sleeves in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³;
Cardboard sleeves with fibreloss during recycling process;
Aluminium; Metallised sleeves; Heavily inked sleeves; PVC

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density < 1 g/cm³)

Coloured HDPE Containers and Tubes
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

HDPE;
Multilayer PE with HDPE prevalence (LLDPE, LDPE, MDPE)

Colours

All colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) and density remains < 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE

Liners, seals and valves

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE;
TPE-PE

Other components

HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, MDPE

Decoration**

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PE (all with density < 1 g/cm³);
In-Mould-Labels in PE printed with < 1 wt% of the total packaging (except dark colours and bleeding inks)

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE (all with density < 1 g/cm³);
Self-separable plastic and cardboard sleeves under mechanical pressure (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Laser marked; Production or best-before date;
Direct printing (inks + lacquer) representing < 1 wt% of the total packaging (except dark colours)

Other decorative technologies

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Black inner layer and dark colours (NIR-detectable)

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Mineral fillers (CaCO3, talc) not increasing density more than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable aluminium lidding

Liners, seals and valves

PP; TPE-PP;
PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable silicon with a density > 1 g/cm³

Other components

PP;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS all with density > 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PP, PO (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Labels in PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³);
Labels in Paper without fibreloss;
PO-foamed labels;
Any other In-Mould-Labels in PE (except bleeding inks)

Adhesives for labels

Non-water soluble or non-releasable adhesive approved by RecyClass in combination with filmic PO labels

Sleeves

Sleeves in PO (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Sleeves in PET, PETG, PET-C, PLA, PS (all with density >1 g/cm³);
Cardboard sleeves without fiberloss (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Any other direct printing;
Cold transfer and hot stamping technologies that does not hinder the recognition of the underlaying PE-polymer

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density > 1 g/cm³)

Material Composition
(Amount of PE & PP attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PE recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

Multilayers HDPE with PLA; PVC; PS; PET; PETG

Colours

Non NIR-detectable colours

Size

Items compacted < 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH > 1% with any other tie layers;
PA; PVDC; Aluminium

Additives

Additives changing the material density > 1 g/cm³; Flame-retardant additives, plasticizers;
Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives

Attachments

Closure system

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Aluminium; Metal; PVC

Liners, seals and valves

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Any other TPE;
Aluminium; Metal; Foiled paper;
PVC

Other components

Aluminium; PVC; Glass components;
Foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Inks that bleed; Toxic or hazardous inks; PVC binders

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels that hinder the recognition of the PE;
Labels in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³;
Paper labels with fibreloss during recycling process;
Cardboard or paper In-Mould-Labels;
Aluminium; Metallised labels; PVC

Adhesives for labels

Non-water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Non-water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves that hinder the recognition of the PE;
Sleeves in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³;
Cardboard sleeves with fibreloss during recycling process;
Aluminium; Metallised sleeves; Heavily inked sleeves; PVC

Direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density < 1 g/cm³)

PS Coloured containers (except XPS and EPS)
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PS in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material*

PS

Colours

Light colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Barrier

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) and in formulation (SBS copolymer) with density remains between 1 and 1,07 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PS

Liners, seals and valves

PS

Lids

PS

Other components

PS

Decoration**

Inks

Non toxic and non-bleeding inks (follow the EuPIA Guidelines)

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PS

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Direct printing

Laser marked; Production or best-before date;
Direct printing (inks + lacquer) representing < 1 wt% of the total packaging (except dark colours)

Material Composition
(Amount of PS in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material*

Colours

Dark colours (NIR detectable)

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

EVOH

Additives

Mineral fillers (CaCO3, talc) not increasing density > 1,07 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP, PE, paper without fiberloss

Liners, seals and valves

PP; PE; EVA; TPE;
Removable aluminium lidding

Lids

PP; PE;
Removable aluminium lidding;
Paper without fiberloss

Other components

PP, PE, paper without fiberloss

Decoration**

Inks

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PP, PE (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Label in paper without fiberloss

Adhesives for labels

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE, PO (with density < 1 g/cm³);
Cardboard sleeves without fiberloss (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Material Composition
(Amount of PS in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material*

PS foamed < 1 g/cm³; multilayers

Colours

Non NIR detectable colours

Size

Items compacted < 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

PA; PVDC

Additives

Additives increasing density > 1,07 g/cm³;
Bio/oxo/photodegradable additives

Attachments

Closure system

PET; PETG; PVC; PLA;
Paper with fiberloss;
Any other material with density >1 g/cm³;
Non detaching or welded closures;
Aluminium; metal

Liners, seals and valves

PET; PETG; PVC; PLA;
Any other material with density >1 g/cm³;
Metal; metal foil; silicone

Lids

PVC; Aluminium foil; paper with fiberloss;
Multilayer PET/paper or PET/PS;
Any other material with density >1 g/cm³

Other components

PET; PETG; PVC; PLA; metal; metal foil; any other material with density >1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks; PVC binders

Labels materials
(PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels that hinder the recognition of the PS;
PET; PETG; PVC; PLA;
Paper with fiberloss; In-Mould-Labels;
Metallised materials; Aluminium

Adhesives for labels

Non-water soluble adhesive (@ less than 40°C);
Non-water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves that hinder the recognition of the PS;
PET; PETG; PVC; PLA;
Cardboard sleeves with fibreloss during recycling process;
Metallised materials; Heavily inked sleeves; Aluminium

Direct printing

Natural PP Containers and Tubes
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

PP

Colours

Natural (clear)

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) and density remains <0.97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP
TPE-PP

Other components

PP

Decoration**

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PP (all with density < 1 g/cm³)

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves in PO (all with density < 1 g/cm³),
Self-separable plastic and carboard sleeves under mechanical stress (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Laser marked; Production or best-before date

Other decorative technologies

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Colours

Light colours

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Mineral fillers (CaCO3, talc) not increasing density more than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable aluminium lidding

Liners, seals and valves

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE; TPE-PE;
PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable silicon with a density > 1 g/cm³

Other components

PE with density < 1 g/cm³; PET; PETG; PLA; PS all with density > 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PE, PO (with density < 1 g/cm³); Labels in PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³);
Labels in Paper without fibreloss;
PO-foamed labels

Adhesives for labels

Pressure sensitive labels

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE (with density < 1 g/cm³); Sleeves in PET, PETG, PET-C, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³),
Cardboard sleeves without fiberloss (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density >1 g/cm³)

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

Multilayers PP with PLA; PVC; PS; PET; PETG

Colours

Black Inner layer; Black; Carbon Black;
Other dark colours

Size

Items compacted < 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH with different tie layers; PA; PVDC;
Aluminium

Additives

Additives changing the material density > 1 g/cm³; Flame-retardant additives, plasticizers; Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives

Attachments

Closure system

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³; Aluminium; Metal; PVC

Liners, seals and valves

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Any other TPE
Aluminium; Metal; Foiled paper;
PVC

Other components

Aluminium; PVC; Glass components;
Non-PO and /or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks, PVC binders

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels that hinder the recognition of the PP;
Labels in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³ ;
Paper labels with fibreloss during recycling process
Aluminium
Metallised labels;
In-Mould-Labels;
PVC

Adhesives for labels

Non water soluble or non water releasable adhesives

Sleeves

Sleeves that hinder the recognition of the PP;
Sleeves in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³ ;
Cardboard sleeves with fiberloss during recycling process;
Aluminium;
Metalised Sleeves;
Heavily inked sleeves;
PVC

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density <1 g/cm³)

Coloured PP Containers and Tubes
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material *

PP

Material Composition

A when PP content is > 95%; B when PP content is > 90%

Colours

All colours

Size

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) and density remains <0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

PP

Liners, seals and valves

PP;
TPE-PP

Other components

PP

Decoration**

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PP (all with density < 1 g/cm³)
In-Mould-Labels in PP printed with < 1 wt% of the total packaging (except dark colours and bleeding inks)

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble or water releasable adhesive (@ less than 40°C)

Sleeves

Sleeves in PO (all with density < 1 g/cm³),
Self-separable plastic and carboard sleeves under mechanical stress (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Laser marked; Production or best-before date,
Direct printing (inks + lacquer) representing <1wt% of the total packaging (except dark colours)

Other decorative technologies

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material *

Material Composition

C when PP content is > 70%

Colours

Black inner layer and dark colours (NIR-detectable)

Size

Items compacted < 5 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

C if the index is < 15%

Barrier

> 6% EVOH + PP-g -MAH tie layers;
EVOH ≤ 1% with any othertie layers

Additives

Mineral fillers (CaCO3, talc) not increasing density more than 0,97 g/cm³

Attachments

Closure system

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE;
PET; PETG; PLA; PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable aluminium lidding

Liners, seals and valves

HDPE; LDPE; LLDPE; MDPE; TPE-PE;
PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with a density > 1 g/cm³);
Removable silicon with a density > 1 g/cm³

Other components

PE with density < 1 g/cm³; PET; PETG; PLA; PS all with density > 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels in PE, PO (with density < 1 g/cm³); Labels in PET, PETG, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³);
Labels in Paper without fibreloss;
PO-foamed labels
Any other In-Mould-Labels in PP (except bleeding inks)

Adhesives for labels

Non-water soluble or non-releasable adhesive approved by RecyClass in combination with filmic PO labels

Sleeves

Sleeves in PE (with density < 1 g/cm³); Sleeves in PET, PETG, PET-C, PLA, PS (all with density > 1 g/cm³),
Carboard sleeves without fiberloss (sorting test mandatory)

Direct printing

Any other direct printing,
Cold transfer and hot stamping technologies that does not hinder the recognition of the underlaying PP-polymer

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density >1 g/cm³)

Material Composition
(Amount of PP & PE attachments in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material *

Multilayers PP with PLA; PVC; PS; PET; PETG

Material Composition

D when PP content is > 50%; E when PP content is > 30%; F when PP content is < 30%

Colours

Non NIR detectable colours

Size

Items compacted < 2 cm

Product residues
(Easy to empty index)

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Barrier

EVOH > 1% with different tie layers; PA; PVDC; Aluminium

Additives

Additives changing the material density > 1 g/cm³; Flame-retardant additives, plasticizers; Bio-/oxo-/photodegradable additives

Attachments

Closure system

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³; Aluminium; Metal; PVC

Liners, seals and valves

Non-PO and/or foams with density < 1 g/cm³;
Any other TPE
Aluminium; Metal; Foiled paper; PVC

Other components

Aluminium; PVC; Glass components;
Non-PO and /or foams with density < 1 g/cm³

Decoration**

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks, PVC binders

Label Materials (PSL, wet-glue labels, wrap-around labels, IML)

Labels that hinder the recognition of the PP;
Labels in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³ ;
Paper labels with fibreloss during recycling process
Aluminium; Metallised labels; PVC
Cardboard or paper in In-Mould-Labels;

Adhesives for labels

Non water soluble or non water releasable adhesives

Sleeves

Sleeves that hinder the recognition of the PP;
Sleeves in non PO-materials with density < 1 g/cm³ ;
Cardboard sleeves with fibreloss during recycling process;
Aluminium; Metallised Sleeves; PVC
Heavily inked sleeves;

Direct printing

Other decorative technologies

Electroplating on attachments (with density <1 g/cm³)

HDPE & PP Crates & Pallets
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of PO in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in PE-HD or PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material*

PE-LD; PE-HD; PP with density <1 g/cm³

Colours

Colourless

Barrier

Additives compatible with package body polymer

Additives

Additives which do not increase the density of the polymer by more than 4%

Attachments

Closure system

Same material as body

Lids

Same material as body

Decoration

Inks

Non toxic following the EuPIA Guidelines

Labels

Similar material to body with light non-covering colours/packaging surfaces

Adhesives for labels

Water soluble (less than 60°C)

Direct printing

Laser marked

Material Composition
(Amount of PO in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with PE-HD or PP recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material*

PP+PE

Colours

Light or translucent colours/prints covering no more than 30% of the packaging surface

Barrier

EVOH ≤ 1%

Additives

Attachments

Closure system

PE on PP body;
PP on PE body

Lids

PE on PP body;
PP on PE body;
removable aluminium fasteners

Decoration

Inks

Labels

Not covering more than 30% of body;
made of PE on PP body;
labels made from material combinations with density >1 g/cm³

Adhesives for labels

Pressure-sensitive labels

Direct printing

Production or expiry date

Material Composition
(Amount of PO in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with PE-HD or PP recyclin

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material*

PET+PE; PET+PP
polyeonefic combination with density >1g/cm³

Colours

Opaque colours/prints, carbon black/prints, colours/prints covering no more than 30% of the packaging
surface

Barrier

EVOH > 1%; PA; PVDC

Additives

Additives which increase the density of the polymer by more than 4%

Attachments

Closure system

Any other

Lids

Any other

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks

Labels

Any other labels/sleeves covering more than 30% of body surface;
In Mould Labels
labels made from material combinations with density less than <1 g/cm³ with body colours

Adhesives for labels

Not water soluble

Direct printing

Any other direct printing

EPS Fish Boxes
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material

Monomaterial EPS – can be coated with PS foil

Colours

White, uncoloured

Product residues
Easy to empty index

A if the index is < 5%; B if the index is < 10%

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) 

Attachments

Closure & Lids

Closure system from EPS/PS

Tamper evidence wrap

Wrap from EPS/PS

Other components

PS

Decoration

Inks

Non toxic and non-bleeding inks (follow the EuPIA Guidelines)

Labels

No label
Labels in PS fully removable provided with water soluble or water releasable adhesive (at 40 ºC degrees)

Direct printing

Laser marked; Production or best-before date

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material

Colours

Light colours

Product residues
Easy to empty index

C if the index is < 15%

Additives

Attachments

Closure & Lids

Other than from PS easily separable

Tamper evidence wrap

Other than from PS easily separable

Other components

Decoration

Inks

Labels

Labels manually peelable

Direct printing

Printing covering < 50%

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material

Any EPS packaging mixed with other polymer types, especially PVC, EPE, EPP, PUR

Colours

Any other colours

Product residues
Easy to empty index

D if the index is < 20%; E < if the index is 25%; F if the index is > 25%

Additives

Mineral fillers, Any other additives (flame retardant, plasticizer, bio/oxo/photodegradable)

Attachments

Closure & Lids

Other than from PS not separable

Tamper evidence wrap

Other than from PS not separable

Other components

Tapes, Any other material

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks; PVC binders

Labels

Any other label

Direct printing

Printing covering > 50%

EPS White Goods
Yes - Full compatibility
Conditional - Limited
compatibility
No - Low compatibility

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

A ≥ 95%, B ≥ 90% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols with no negative impact
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but are known to be acceptable in EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from A to B or from B to C

Main body

Material

Monomaterial EPS – can be coated with PS foil

Colours

White, uncoloured

Additives

Additives that are unavoidable in processing (stabilizers, antioxidants, lubricants, nucleating agents, peroxides) 

Attachments

Tamper evidence wrap

Wrap from EPS/PS

Other components

PS

Decoration

Inks

Non toxic and non-bleeding inks (follow the EuPIA Guidelines)

Labels

No label
Labels in PS

Direct printing

Laser marked

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

C ≥ 70% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that passed the testing protocols if certain conditions are met
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a low risk of interfering with EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from C to D

Main body

Material

Colours

Light pink, blue, yellow

Additives

IR absorbers, Graphite

Attachments

Tamper evidence wrap

Other than from PS easily separable

Other components

Easily separable by hand

Decoration

Inks

Labels

Labels manually peelable

Direct printing

Material Composition
(Amount of EPS in the packaging)

D ≥ 50%, E ≥ 30%, F ≤ 30% and all packaging features are FULLY compatible with recycling

Description
(Test Protocol)

Materials that failed the testing protocols
OR
materials that have not been tested (yet), but pose a high risk of interfering with EPS recycling

Description
(Methodology)

In case of at least one limited compatibility one penalty is applied, lowering the recyclability class from D to E or from E to F

Main body

Material

Any EPS packaging mixed with other polymer types, especially PVC, EPE, EPP, PUR

Colours

Any other colours

Additives

Mineral fillers, Any other additives (flame retardant, plasticizer, bio/oxo/photodegradable)

Attachments

Tamper evidence wrap

Other than from PS not separable

Other components

Any other material

Decoration

Inks

Inks that bleed;
Toxic or hazardous inks; PVC binders

Labels

Any other label

Direct printing

Any other printing